Morocco, is well-known as ‘the kingdom of Morocco’ is located in North Africa, has varied and diverse weather conditions. The northern division of the country has a Mediterranean climate towards the mountainous regions. Especially towards the west of Mount Atlas the climate becomes more severe. In Morocco there are many coastal plains, mainly in the north, which are very fertile and hence form the backbone of agriculture.
Many people think that in Morocco it is always summer, to some extent it is right but Morocco do have seasons. In winter Moroccan weather can actually get absolutely chilly. In the month of November through April you can experience dry but chilly, cool and wet rainy season.
The statistical fragmentation of the Moroccan land is as follows: 12% of the land area is covered by forests, 18% of the land comes under arable land, of which 5% is irrigated. Morocco experiences several different weather conditions in the Middle Atlas region. Here it is clammier Mediterranean climate with some fresher variants. The region also experiences a humid Maritime Temperate with fresher variants which results in the formation of humid cloud forests which contains vast species of moss carpets, Atlantic cedars, oaks, junipers and many other plants. It is a very extensive and rich biodiversity that exist in the humid cloud forests. The weather again changes in the higher altitudes.
The eastern side of Atlas experiences an extremely dry climate during summer season. At times, summer season in these regions may last up to several months. The valleys facing the great Sahara desert and the lowlands experience this type of prolonged summers. The main reason behind this climate change is the mountainous system which plays the role of a barrier or shelter often called as the barrier effect. Here the climate is very much similar to that of a desert and desert Sahara is perfectly visible from here. Rocky desert land, sand dunes and oases can be located in the valley of Draa in Morocco. The wildlife biodiversity of Morocco is well known, a huge percent of fauna here is occupied by birds. Morocco has an avifauna of amazing 454 species out of this 156 are seen rarely while 5 species have been brought to light by humans.
In Morocco the spring season starts from the middle of March to the end of May. It is said that in these days Morocco is at its best climate. In the spring season Morocco is fully lush and green as well is a traveler’s dream destination. Autumn season comes after the extreme summer heat eases. Autumn usually occurs around the months of September to November. Otherwise Morocco has extreme weather, be it the summer heat or the chill of winter. During the months of November to July you can find snow capped peaks in the High Atlas. The nights are bitterly cold during winter in the South. In winter and starting of spring the Rif Mountains are very cloudy and wet. The north coast also experiences similar kind of rough weather conditions throughout winter.